Holy Thursday – Our Catholic Seder Meal

Charoset is a part of the traditional Seder plate.  It represents the mortar used for the bricks used by the Jewish slaves in making the Egyptian buildings, temples, and tombs.  It is also a little sweet, to remind us of the sweetness of life.

Last Updated on March 21, 2021

holy thursday

Holy Thursday Catholic Seder Lamb Chop


13 And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and there shall no plague be upon you to destroy you when I smite the land of Egypt.

14 And this day shall be unto you for a memorial, and ye shall keep it a feast to Jehovah: throughout your generations, ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever.

Exodus 12:13-14

Holy Thursday is also known as Maundy Thursday,  Covenant Thursday, Great & Holy Thursday, and Thursday of Mysteries is the Thursday before Easter celebrated by Christians to commemorate Jesus’ Last Supper, in which he was celebrating Passover.  This was the very first Holy Communion, and the beginning of Holy Orders, when Jesus washed the feet of his disciples.

It is an amazing thing to have a seven-year-old son, who is going to have his First Holy Communion on May 15, 2011.  Part of his education is the understanding of what the sacrament means, both spiritually and historically.

Spane wanted to know why the Pastor was washing the feet of the men sitting on the steps leading to the sacristy.  I think a lot of people take this kind of for granted, just as the ancients took the slaves that washed people’s feet for granted.  By Jesus taking on the job of a slave, he showed us by his example, to go out and serve others.

The Passover commemorated freedom from slavery, Holy Communion commemorates our freedom from sin.

Last year, 2010, we celebrated a “mini” Seder meal, and this year we celebrated as well.  I decided to try to make it a meal that might have been served in Jesus’ time, something that would have been common in the Mediterranean.  Our menu had a lot of lemons, including the dessert, Lemon Bars.  We did not want to have dessert before going to Mass, so we had it after we got home.  It was the perfect end of a perfect day!

Our Seder Menu

The Seder Plate


Charoset is a part of the traditional Seder plate.  It represents the mortar used for the bricks used by the Jewish slaves in making the Egyptian buildings, temples, and tombs.  It is also a little sweet, to remind us of the sweetness of life.

When I make it, although I only use one apple, there is enough left over for Good Friday’s fast of one meal.

Apple and Walnuts


Charoset is a part of the traditional Seder plate.  It represents the mortar used for the bricks used by the Jewish slaves in making the Egyptian buildings, temples, and tombs.  It is also a little sweet, to remind us of the sweetness of life.
Prep Time: 10 minutes
Total Time: 10 minutes
Course: Side Dish
Cuisine: Jewish
Diet: Diabetic, Gluten Free, Kosher
Difficulty: Easy
Servings (slide to adjust): 4
Calories: 120kcal


  • ½ cup chopped nuts, walnuts are a good choice
  • 1 apple diced
  • 1 Tablespoon cinnamon
  • 1 tablespoon Red wine, as desired
Ingredients necessary for the recipe step are in italic.


  • Combine ingredients in a food processor and process until it resembles the mortar that was used to build the pyramids.  Okay, it doesn’t have to look exactly like that, but similar.


If you do not have red wine, as I did not this time, you can use Balsamic vinegar instead.  If you find it is not sweet enough, you can add a teaspoon of sugar.


Calories: 120kcalCarbohydrates: 7gProtein: 4gFat: 9gSaturated Fat: 1gPolyunsaturated Fat: 5gMonounsaturated Fat: 2gCholesterol: 0mgSodium: 1mgPotassium: 128mgFiber: 3gSugar: 3g
Got Questions? Let me know!Mention @arbpen or tag #arbpen!

You could also make a Charoset Tart if you have a crowd.  It’s really good with a dollop of whipped cream on top.


The lettuce symbolizes the bitter enslavement of the Jewish people in Egypt. The leaves of romaine lettuce are not bitter, but the stem, when left to grow in the ground, turns hard and bitter.

Bitter Herb

Bitter herbs bring to mind the bitterness of the slavery of the Jewish peoples in Egypt.

Salt Water

The saltwater is used for dipping the lettuce and other things on the traditional Jewish Seder plate.  For us, it also symbolizes the tears shed by the slaves in Egypt.

The Meal


The first time I had Tabouleh, it was at a potluck someone’s mother had made it – I called it Christmas salad for the longest time because it was green with red and white. Since then I have had it many times, mostly purchasing at Armenian deli or once, I even bought the one that comes in a box.  I was determined to make it myself, even if I had to stand and watch an old Armenian grandma do it.

Don’t buy the Tabouleh that comes in the box, it does not have a bright, fresh taste.  Although Tabouleh may seem difficult to make, with the proper tools, it’s really a snap.  All you really need is a good sharp Mezzaluna.  What is a Mezzaluna you ask?  Well, it’s a half-moon-shaped knife that you rock back and forth over your herbs.  The double-handled one is the best – I only have a single, but it did the trick.

A Mezzaluna can quickly become your best friend when wanting to chop nuts and herbs.  It is my preferred tool when I am making Chicken with Gorgonzola and Pistachios for chopping up the nuts.  I originally bought mine at Cost Plus World Market when they still carried them, and mine came with a nice wooden chopping block with an indentation in the center for the Mezzaluna.

I was a little frightened of bulgur since I had never used it. Doing a little reading up on it on the Internet calmed my fears.  I was happily surprised with the Zergut’s packaging that said the fine-grain bulgur was the right one for Tabouleh.

Tabbouleh Tabouleh


A wonderful spring and summer salad
Prep Time: 1 hour
Resting: 1 hour
Total Time: 2 hours
Course: Salad, Side Dish
Cuisine: Armenian, Levant, Mediterranean
Diet: Kosher, Vegan, Vegetarian
Difficulty: Moderate
Servings (slide to adjust): 6
Calories: 167kcal



  • ¾ cup fine bulgur
  • 2 cups cold water
  • 2 cups parsley, finely chopped
  • ½ cup spring onions, finely chopped
  • ¼ cup mint, finely chopped
  • ¼ cup olive oil
  • 2 tablespoons Lemon juice
  • 1 ½ teaspoons salt
  • ½ teaspoon Black Pepper, freshly ground
  • 2 to tomatoes, Firm and ripe
  • 18 Crisp lettuce leaves
Ingredients necessary for the recipe step are in italic.


  • Place bulgur in a bowl and cover with cold water. Leave to soak for 30 minutes. Drain through a fine sieve, pressing with the back of a spoon to extract moisture. Spread onto a cloth and leave to dry further.
  • Meanwhile, prepare parsley. Wash well, shake off excess moisture and remove thick stalks. Wrap in a tea towel and place in the refrigerator to crisp and dry.
  • Put bulgur into a mixing bowl and add spring onions. Squeeze mixture with hand so that bulgur absorbs onion flavor.
  • Chop parsley fairly coarsely, measure, and add to bulgur with mint.
  • Beat olive oil with lemon juice and stir in salt and pepper. Add to salad and toss well.
  • Peel and seed tomatoes and cut into dice. Gently stir into salad.
  • Cover and chill for at least 1 hour before serving.
  • Serve in a salad bowl lined with crisp lettuce leaves.


You can add sumac for extra flavor.


Serving: 200gCalories: 167kcalCarbohydrates: 19gProtein: 4gFat: 10gSaturated Fat: 1gPolyunsaturated Fat: 1gMonounsaturated Fat: 7gTrans Fat: 0gCholesterol: 0mgSodium: 811mgPotassium: 375mgFiber: 6gSugar: 1g
Got Questions? Let me know!Mention @arbpen or tag #arbpen!

Mediterranean Grilled Lamb

I am very lucky to live in Glendale, California, which has a large Armenian population.  Armenians make wonderful lamb dishes, especially kabobs grilled over their special hardwood barbeques.

For this reason, I can get lovely lamb chops at the butcher for a fair price. The butcher at my local store cut the ribs for me right out of the cold storage.  They had just come in that morning!

Another thing about living in Glendale and shopping at the Armenian markets; usually only lemon basil is available.  I like lemon basil, so I am fortunate in that respect.  Lemon basil, if you have not had it, is truly very lemony so it goes great with meats and fish.

These chops would have been wonderful on the barbeque, but I just put them in an iron skillet and broiled them in the broiler.

holy thursday

Mediterranean Grilled Lamb

These chops are great on the grill or in a cast-iron skillet and are perfect for the air fryer.
Prep Time: 3 hours
Cook Time: 9 minutes
Resting: 3 minutes
Total Time: 3 hours 12 minutes
Cuisine: Mediterranean
Servings (slide to adjust): 4
Calories: 88kcal


  • 4 5-oz Lamb chops
  • 3 ½ tablespoons Red onion, minced
  • 1 tablespoon Olive oil, plus 1 teaspoon
  • 2 tablespoons Balsamic vinegar
  • 2 Garlic, minced
  • 2 teaspoons fresh basil, minced
  • ¼ teaspoon salt, sea salt or Kosher
  • ½ teaspoon black pepper, freshly ground
Ingredients necessary for the recipe step are in italic.


  • Combine all ingredients except lamb chops, then add the lamb chops and marinate in the refrigerator for at least 3-5 hours.

For the Air Fryer

  • Place the chops in the rotating basket and put them in the air fryer at 400 F / 204 C for about 9 minutes or until it reaches at least 130 F / 54 C (rare). If you like your lamb more cooked, you can do so until it reaches 145 F / 62 C (well) for an additional 3 minutes.

Other Methods

  • Grill or broil the lamb chops until done as desired.


Serving: 65gCalories: 88kcalCarbohydrates: 3gProtein: 8gFat: 5gSaturated Fat: 1gPolyunsaturated Fat: 0gMonounsaturated Fat: 3gTrans Fat: 0gCholesterol: 23mgSodium: 508mgPotassium: 168mgFiber: 0gSugar: 1g
Got Questions? Let me know!Mention @arbpen or tag #arbpen!

Lemon Bars for Holy Thursday or Any Day!


My friend Amber Lewis made these at her home a while back.  The only problem was they were so good in the pan that they never made it onto the serving platter!

When I was working at the Scholastic Book Fair at Spane’s school, I was looking through 9×13 – The Perfect Fit Dish, and there was a recipe for Lemon Bars in it.  I bought the book just for that reason, and this is the recipe that was in the book.

As it turned out, we did not have enough time after our meal for dessert, so we had these when we came back from Holy Thursday Mass.

Lemon Bars

These lemon bars are so tasty you won't have time to take a picture before you eat them all up.
Prep Time: 10 minutes
Cook Time: 35 minutes
Resting: 3 hours
Total Time: 3 hours 45 minutes
Course: Dessert
Cuisine: American
Difficulty: Moderate
Servings (slide to adjust): 12
Calories: 426kcal



  • 2 cup flour
  • ½ cup powdered sugar
  • 2 tablespoon cornstarch
  • ¼ teaspoon salt
  • ¾ cup butter


  • 4 Eggs
  • 1 ½ cup sugar
  • 1 teaspoon lemon peel
  • ¾ cup lemon juice
  • ¼ cup half-and-half
  • 3 tablespoon flour
  • 1 cup powdered sugar
Ingredients necessary for the recipe step are in italic.


  • First, preheat the oven to 350 F / 176 C.  Get a 9x13 pan and line it, bottom, and sides with waxed paper or greased parchment paper.  This is important!
  • Make the crust by combining the crust ingredients in a food processor and processing until you have what looks a little like sand.  Take this and press it firmly into the prepared pan.
  • Combine the remaining ingredients into a bowl and mix them together.  I do not suggest using a stand mixer because it is just too powerful.  Use a regular bowl and whisk.
  • Bake the crust for about 20 minutes or until the sides start to brown.  Remove the crust from the oven and immediately pour the filling onto the hot crust.  Put this back in the oven and bake uncovered until the mixture has set, about 15 minutes.
  • Remove from the oven and let sit in the pan until cooled. Carefully lift the bars by using the sides of the paper onto a cutting board.  Cut into bars, sprinkle each with powdered sugar, and serve on a nice serving dish.


Serving: 144gCalories: 426kcalCarbohydrates: 61gProtein: 8gFat: 17gSaturated Fat: 9gPolyunsaturated Fat: 1gMonounsaturated Fat: 5gCholesterol: 225mgSodium: 110mgPotassium: 112mgFiber: 1gSugar: 41g
Got Questions? Let me know!Mention @arbpen or tag #arbpen!


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About arbpen

As an award-winning and serious home cook, I seriously believe there is no reason why you can't have a restaurant quality meal at home. One of the good things about eating at home is to save money, so armed with a good menu plan, a shopping list, and an appreciation of good food, we can all have gourmet food on a budget.

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